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Nitter, M. 2008: Klimarom: klimaets avhengighet av skala og landskap. Jenny-Rita.org, Stavanger, Norway.

Variation in temperature, precipitation and wind depends on variations in topography, vegetation, surface properties and topographic lines in a given landscape. Diverse weather phenomena exist, within well-defined areas, in this article called climate-rooms. A climate-room is defined as an area where (the) climate is homogenous or uniform in relation to a specific climatic parameter, e.g. temperature, precipitation, wind direction or wind force. The area of a climate-room is limited by topography and vegetation. The term climate-room is introduced by way of its ability to convey abstract physical meteorological phenomena into archaeological parlance and terminology, thereby attaining to a common terminological platform for professional dialogue. Regarding the scale on which a climate-room is considered, there are four different steps or levels: micro- meso- and macro-level. In this article a climate-room will be considered in relation to 1) weather phenomena limited in time, 2) the actual climate parameter and 3) the topographic lines in a given landscape. Additional examples of weather phenomena within each category of climate-rooms are given.

Marianne Nitter, Arkeologisk museum i Stavanger, Post Office Box 47, N-4002 Stavanger, Norway. Telephone: (+47) 51846066. E-mail: marianne.nitter@ark.museum.no

Key words: climate room, climate and landscape
Emneord: klimarom, klima og landskap

 

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